Chronic fatigue syndrome and its treatment

By Dr. Sachin Singh | 15th Jun 2022

Chronic fatigue syndrome and its treatment

What is chronic fatigue syndrome?

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) causes excessive exhaustion that doesn’t improve with rest and has no known cause. There are other names for CFS, like myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SED) (SEID).

It’s not yet clear what causes CFS. Some people think that viral infections, psychological stress, or a combination of these things could be. It can be hard to figure out what causes CFS because there isn’t a single cause and many other conditions have similar symptoms.

There are no chronic fatigue syndrome tests. It will be hard for your doctor to figure out what’s causing you to be so tired. CFS used to be a difficult diagnosis, but now it’s widely accepted as a medical condition, even though it used to be.

It can happen to anyone, but it’s most common in women. who are between the ages of 40 and 50, but it can happen to anyone at any time. There isn’t yet a cure, but treatment can help ease the symptoms.

Chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms

Symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome can be different for each person and how bad the illness is? As the most common sign, you’ll be tired all the time. This is enough to stop you from doing the things you usually do. If you have CFS, then you significantly reduced your ability to do your normal daily tasks and be tired for at least 6 months. It should not be possible to treat with bed rest.

You will also get very tired after you do physical or mental things. This is called post-exertional malaise, For more than 24 hours, this can happen again.

Having CFS can also make it hard to sleep, like:

  • Tired after a night’s sleep
  • An insomniac for a long time is someone who doesn’t get enough sleep.
  • Other types of sleep disorders

You might also go with these:

  • Memory is lost and you forget something
  • Lacking thoughts
  • Orthostatic intolerance: not being able to stand on your feet

These are some of the physical signs of CFS:

  • Aches in the muscles
  • Headaches happen often.
  • People who have pain in many joints without redness or swelling
  • A lot of sore throats
  • Tender lymph nodes in your neck or armpits that are also big and swollen

Some people with CFS go through periods where they feel bad and then better. This is how in some people CFS works. Even if you don’t have any symptoms at all, it’s called “remission.” As a result, it’s still possible for the symptoms to come back at some point, which is known as a “relapse”. This cycle of remission and relapse can make it hard to manage your symptoms, but it’s possible to do this.

Chronic fatigue syndrome causes

The reason for CFS is unknown. Contributing factors may include things like:

  • Viruses
  • The immune system is not strong
  • Stress

There are problems with hormones. Besides that, it’s also possible that some people are genetically predisposed to get Chronic fatigue syndrome

If you get a viral infection, you may get CFS. No single type of virus has been found to cause CFS. Some viral infections that have been linked to CFS have been looked at:

  • Epstein-Barr is a virus that causes a lot of damage to the body (EBV)
  • Herpesvirus 6 is a type of Human herpesvirus.
  • Ross River virus (RRV)
  • The rubella virus 

Infections caused by bacteria, such as Coxiella burnetii and Mycoplasma pneumonia, have also been looked at in connection with CFS, as have infections caused by other bacteria. Most people who get EBV, the Ross River virus, or Coxiella burnetii get a condition that meets the criteria for CFS.

Those who have severe symptoms from any of these three infections are more likely to get CFS later on. It’s not clear whether having a weak immune system is enough to cause CFS.

Chronic fatigue syndrome treatment 

People with chronic fatigue syndrome don’t have a specific cure for it right now. Each person has a different set of symptoms, so they may need different types of treatment to manage the disorder and get rid of their symptoms. Doctors are coming up with the best treatment plan for you. They are trying to go over the possible benefits and side effects of the therapies with you.

1. Addressing the symptoms of post-exertional malaise (PEM)

PEM happens when even a small amount of physical, mental, or emotional exertion makes CFS symptoms worse. A lot of people have worsening symptoms within 12 to 48 hours. Some of them can last for days or even weeks.

There is a term for this activity management or pacing. It can help you keep rest and activity levels in balance to avoid PEM flare-ups. For mental and physical activities, you’ll need to figure out how much you can do, plan your activities, and then rest so that you don’t go over your limits.

Some doctors say that staying within these limits is called the “energy envelope.” Keeping a record of your activities may help you figure out your limits. Keeping in mind that vigorous aerobic exercise is good for most long-term health problems is a good thing to keep in mind, but people with CFS can’t do that kind of exercise because their bodies can’t keep up.

2. At home, you can use home remedies and make changes to your life.

Making some changes to your lifestyle could help you feel better. quitting your caffeine intake can help you get a good night’s sleep and help you deal with insomnia. It’s also a good idea not to smoke or drink a lot of alcohol.

Try not to nap during the day if it’s making it hard for you to sleep at night.

3. Medications

It’s usually not possible for one drug to treat all of your symptoms. The way you feel over time may change too, so your medicines may need to change as well. In many cases, CFS can cause or be a sign of depression. For example, you might need low-dose antidepressants or a mental health professional to help you.

Your doctor may recommend a sleep aid if lifestyle changes don’t help you get a good night’s sleep, so you should talk to your doctor about what to do. It can also help you deal with the aches and joint pain that come with CFS.

If you need medication, then consult with a doctor about what medication have to take. People, who corporate with their doctors will get the best care possible? For CFS, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all way to get better.

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