Ayurvedic medicinal herbs to control hypertension

By Rohini Mankar | 23rd Nov 2022

Ayurvedic medicinal herbs to control hypertension

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is a condition which is directly responsible for the high number of cardiovascular disease patients across the globe. The blood pressure is perpetually high in hypertension. WHO defines hypertension as systolic blood pressure being more than or equal to 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure being more than equal to 90 mmHg among individuals between 30-79 years of age. Approximately 1.13 billion people have hypertension around the world.

According to 2015 data, one in four men and one in five women have hypertension. Hypertension is the major risk factor for increasing heart, brain, kidney and other diseases ultimately leading to deaths globally. Given the increase in the number of hypertension patients, there is a need to seek alternative medicine to reduce the complications associated with it. Many patients are turning to ayurvedic medicines for high blood pressure nowadays. 

Types of hypertension:

  • When the origin is unknown it is Primary or essential hypertension
  • When hypertension is associated with another disease, means it is secondary to another disease then it is a called Secondary hypertension 
  • Isolated systolic hypertension is associated with increasing age and functioning of the cardiovascular system 
  • when a person experiences strong stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system. (e.g. when a person becomes excited for any reason or state of anxiety) then they may have neurogenic hypertension

Classification of Blood Pressure

Sr. No. TypeSystolic B.P. Diastolic B.P.
1Optimal B.P<120<80
2Normal B.P.<130<85
3High Normal B.P. 130-13985-89
Blood pressure range

A major intervention to prevent one from developing high blood pressure (hypertension) is making the necessary dietary modification. Ayurvedic home remedies have been instrumental in the management of high blood pressure and many lifestyle diseases. 

According to a book by Dr Vasant Lad, The complete book of Ayurvedic home remedies one can try home remedies under the supervision of doctors along with ongoing medical care. Simultaneously you should ask your doctor to monitor the progress. 

Some natural ayurvedic home remedies for high blood pressure:

  1. Consume plenty of fruits and vegetables such as apples, bananas, blackberries, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, garlic, grapefruit, green leafy vegetables, onions, peas, tomatoes etc. 
  2. Consume preferably vegetarian, low-fat, low-calorie diet rich in whole grain, high fibre and nuts 
  3. Eat garlic and onion on a regular diet 
  4. Practise physical exercises such as brisk walking daily for 30 – 45 minutes
  5. Weight reduction (in obese) 
  6. Limit the use of salt (<5 gm/ day), fats and sweet

Ayurvedic medicine for hypertension:

1) Sarpagandha 

Sarpagandha is a powerful ayurvedic medicine that contains phytonutrients, specific alkaloids with antihypertensive and sedative qualities. Furthermore,  herbal medicines prepared from the roots of this plant are utilised to treat high blood pressure, which relaxes tight blood vessels to regulate forceful blood flow to the heart.

2) Garlic/ Rasona – Allium sativum 

Studies have shown that if one consumes a raw clove of Garlic each morning it also reduces cholesterol levels in the blood. Garlic is rich in many compounds that curb high blood pressure. 

Result sulphur compounds, such as allicin that garlic contains, help improve blood flow and ease the blood vessels. Simultaneously, these factors may lower blood pressure. According to a  review of studies with high blood pressure, consuming garlic regularly reduced systolic pressure by 8.3mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure by 5.5 mm Hg on average. This reduction was comparable to the effects of hypertension medications. 

Read moreHealth benefits of Garlic

3) Arjuna 

A number of symptoms of cardiovascular disease can be eased off by using the powder or decoction of the bark extracts of arjuna. This herb works wonders as it is packed with amazing anti-hypertensive compounds. It effectively dilates and relaxes the stiff blood vessels, to normalise blood pressure and relieves discomforting symptoms of hypertension. According to a study it was observed that Arujuna had a cardioprotective effect on angina patients.  

4) Ashwagandha 

Stress is one of the main factors that cause high BP. Ashwagandha also known as the Indian Ginseng or Winter Cherry is a potent ayurvedic herb that improves immunity. Ashwagandha, rich in adaptogens, helps the body cope with stress and anxiety. Add two tablespoons of Ashwagandha powder to a glass of water and drink it on an empty stomach every morning. Those suffering from high blood pressure can control it significantly by consuming it. 

5) Amalaki – Emblica Officinalis

Amalaki or Amla or the Indian gooseberry is a great natural ayurvedic home remedy for hypertension. Amla has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that remove toxins from the blood and releases pressure on the tubular structure leading to the heart. Several studies have demonstrated that regular intake of amla lowers blood pressure and also reduces the risks of cardiovascular diseases. The Indian gooseberry has abundant stores of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals like potassium. Potassium is a micronutrient that is extremely effective in relaxing the blood vessels which in turn drops the blood pressure resulting in controlled symptoms of hypertension. Consuming amla juice mixed with one tablespoon of honey regularly helps control both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

6) Brahmi 

Brahmi found in the wetlands of India, is also known as the herb that is believed to sharpen memory and enhance learning ability. Brahmi, considered a medicinal herb, is used to treat various ailments, including anxiety, helps fight and high blood pressure. In animal studies, Brahmi is safe and effective in lowering both systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. 

7) Jatamansi 

Jatamanasi herb is abundant with antioxidants that save the arteries from damage due to free radicals. As a result of which it controls the build-up of plaque in the blood vessels. According to an open clinical trial of 20 patients of either sex aged between 25-70 years, having grade-I and grade-II uncomplicated essential hypertension were administered Jatamamsi Churna dose of 10 grams per day in two equally divided doses. 60 days later it was found that there was a significant reduction in mean systolic blood pressure from 148.9mm of Hg to 132.6mm of Hg and mean diastolic blood pressure from 97.1mm of Hg to 86mm of Hg.

8) Triphala  

Triphala is another miraculous ayurvedic medicine for high blood pressure. As per the study, consuming Triphala powder every day helps in maintaining the right BP levels, reduces cholesterol levels, and eliminates plaque from blood vessels. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory properties aid in relaxing the strained blood vessels. To control hypertension, drink water infusion prepared by soaking 20 grams of Triphala overnight and adding two teaspoons of honey to it. Drink it in the morning for better results.

9) Punarnava 

Punarnava is a beneficial herb that eases blood flow and rejuvenates heart wellness by lowering blood cholesterol levels, making cardiac muscles more robust, controlling blood pressure fluctuations and decreasing the risk of acquiring cardiac ailments like CVD, and arrhythmia. It is also known as a natural diuretic that ensures blood supply to the kidneys.

10) Tulsi

Tulsi scientifically known as Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a holy herb that has a peculiar flavour. Basil is found in various forms. Rich in strong bioactive compounds thus making it an important herb in alternative medicine. The antioxidant properties of this herbal plant have been linked to lowered blood pressure. Studies suggest that basil is high in eugenol which may help in reducing blood pressure by acting as a natural calcium channel blocker. Therefore the calcium channel blockers inhibit the movement of calcium into the heart and arterial cells, eventually relaxing the blood vessels. 

Conclusion 

High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease. High blood pressure can be prevented if modifications are made to make a healthy lifestyle. It includes a healthy and balanced diet and regular exercise.

Many of the above-mentioned ayurvedic herbs can be consumed raw or in the form of decoction or infused in water. These ayurvedic herbs have medicinal properties that are excellent to control blood pressure and keep your heart healthy.  However, always consult your doctor before taking ayurvedic medicines or herbal supplements. 

However, you can get a free consultation from specialist doctors if you are looking at Ayurveda as an alternative medicine option for the treatment of hypertension through online platforms like Truemeds. Also, you can purchase supplements that have been recommended by Truemed’s expert doctors in this online pharmacy. You can upload your prescription to this online pharmacy. Truemeds is the most reliable and reputed online pharmacy that provides generic medicines online, at your doorstep across India at a heavily discounted price. By choosing an alternative or generic medication recommended by our Truemeds experienced doctors while ordering medications online, you can save up to 72% on your purchase. 

FAQs

Can Ayurveda cure hypertension?

Ayurveda can be used to manage hypertension. 

Which herbs can be helpful in hypertension management?

Ayurvedic herbs having medicinal properties are garlic, basil, Triphala, amla, and ashwagandha to name a few.

Is ashwagandha good for hypertension?

Ashwagandha lowers blood pressure and its anti-inflammatory properties reduce stress.  

What are the natural ways to prevent hypertension?

Exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption are natural ways to prevent hypertension.

References-

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