By Dr. Sachin Singh | 1st Dec 2021
Iodine is an element that your thyroid needs in order to produce thyroid hormones. If you don’t get enough iodine in your diet, your thyroid gland will grow as it tries to produce more thyroid hormones. A goitre is a lump in the neck caused by an enlarged thyroid. Hypothyroidism develops as thyroid levels diminish. Low thyroid function is caused by more than just Iodine Deficiency.
However, a shortage of iodine can result in an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, known as a goitre, as well as other thyroid issues. It can cause mental problems in youngsters.
Because your body does not produce iodine, you must obtain it from your diet. Adults usually need 150 micrograms (mcg) per day. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding require 200 mcg each day. There are various supplements for Iodine.
Iodine deficiency is uncommon in the United States, owing in part to the fact that table salt is frequently iodized. Iodine is also found in dairy products, eggs, shellfish, seaweed, some meats, and some bread. The best way to cure Iodine insufficiency is to avoid it in the first place. If it does develop, it can be treated with iodine supplementation and dietary changes. Common sources of Dietary iodine are fish, eggs, nuts, meats, bread, dairy products, seaweed and iodized table salt.
A goitre, or swelling in the front of the neck, is a common iodine deficiency symptom. Lack of iodine causes your thyroid gland to be compelled to produce thyroid hormones.
Another iodine deficiency symptom is unexpected weight gain. It is possible that it will arise if the body does not have enough iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Lack of iodine causes your metabolism to slow and food to be stored as fat rather than burned as energy. This may result in weight gain.
Lack of iodine causes fatigue, sluggishness, and weakness. This is due to the fact that your body requires minerals in order to produce energy.
Some women who are deficient in iodine may have heavy or irregular periods as iodine deficiency symptoms. This is due to the fact that decreased thyroid hormone levels may interfere with hormones involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle.
It is especially important for pregnant and nursing women to get enough iodine because their needs are increased. Iodine deficiency symptoms can be seen in babies such as stunted growth and brain development which can be serious sometimes.
Thyroid hormones aid in the regulation of hair follicle growth. Hair follicles may stop renewing if your thyroid hormone levels are low. Lack of iodine causes hair loss over time.
Iodine deficiency symptoms seen on the skin are dry, flaky skin because the mineral aids in the regeneration of skin cells. It also assists your body in sweating and hydrating your skin cells, thus an iodine deficiency can cause you to sweat less.
Diagnosis of Iodine deficiency
The deficiency of iodine causes many symptoms because our bodies do not generate iodine, we must obtain it through our diet. Iodine insufficiency is uncommon in the United States, thanks in part to the widespread usage of iodized salt. Meat and dairy products are high in iodine because animal feed is frequently supplemented with it.
Iodine is a mineral that your thyroid needs in order to produce thyroid hormones. If you don’t get enough iodine in your diet, your thyroid gland will grow as it tries to produce more thyroid hormones. A goitre is a lump in the neck caused by an enlarged thyroid. Hypothyroidism develops as thyroid levels diminish.
The following are some of the potential risk factors for iodine insufficiency :
Iodine insufficiency is remedied by consuming iodine salts, which are commonly found in food supplements. Mild cases can be treated if we include a daily diet containing iodized salt or consuming milk, egg yolks and eating fish. Sea vegetables (kelp, hijiki, dulse, nori (found in sushi)) may be frequently introduced into a diet as a suitable source of iodine for a salt and/or animal product-limited diet.
Iodine levels in the blood and urine can be tested. However, because these tests are ineffective at measuring the amount of iodine in your body, they cannot be used to diagnose iodine insufficiency. When iodine insufficiency is observed in a large population, it is best handled by ensuring that typical foods consumed by individuals contain enough levels of iodine.
Because even moderate deficiency during pregnancy can have an impact on the pregnancy and the developing infant, all women in the United States who are considering pregnancy, pregnant, or breastfeeding should take a multivitamin containing 150 g of iodine each day.
Before beginning any supplementation, consult with your doctor or a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN), as there may be some interactions with the over-the-counter and prescription medications you are taking. Having said that, topical and oral iodine supplementation has shown some efficacy for:
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