Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)

By Dr. Sachin Singh | 22nd Jul 2022

Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)

What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia is a condition that happens when your blood sugar level is too low. Your body gets most of its energy from glucose. People with diabetes who have problems with their medicine, food, or exercise are most likely to have this disorder. But low blood sugar can happen to people who don’t have diabetes.

There are two different types of nondiabetic hypoglycemia:

  • Reactive hypoglycemia, which happens a few hours after you eat.
  • Fasting hypoglycemia could be caused by medicine or disease.

Hypoglycemia symptoms

  • An unpredictable or quick heartbeat
  • Weakness
  • Fair skin
  • Nervousness
  • Perspiring
  • Shivering or dullness of the lips, tongue, or cheek
  • Disorganisation, strange behaviour or both, like not being able to finish everyday tasks.
  • Visual irritations, such as blurred vision
  • Loss of awareness.

The signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia can get worse like:

  • Confusion, strange behaviour, or both, such as not being able to do everyday things.
  • Injuries to the eyes, such as blurred vision, can happen.
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness

Causes of hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia happens when your blood sugar level drops too low. Drugs that treat diabetes can have side effects of hypoglycemia.

1. Control your blood sugar levels

Most of the glucose in the body comes from what we eat. When blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high, insulin lowers them. If you just have type 1 or type 2 diabetes then you need insulin to control your blood sugar, taking more insulin than you need can cause your blood sugar level to drop too low, a condition called hypoglycemia.

One’s blood sugar drops too low if, after taking your diabetes medicine, you eat less than usual or if you exercise more than you usually do, which uses more glucose. Keeping the right balance between insulin, food, and activity isn’t always easy. Consult your doctor so that you can try to prevent low blood sugar levels.

2. It may cause by diabetes

If you have diabetes, you might not be able to make enough insulin. The result is that a lot of glucose tends to build up in the bloodstream, which can be dangerous. If you want to fix this, you might take insulin or other drugs to lower your blood sugar levels.

Hypoglycemia can happen if you get too much insulin or other diabetes medicines. This can cause your blood sugar level to fall too low. Hypoglycemia can also happen if you don’t eat enough after taking diabetes medicine or exercise more than you usually do, which can cause it.

3. Possible causes without diabetes:

1. Too much drinking of alcohol

If you drink too much alcohol, it can make it difficult for the liver to work. The primary function of your liver is to store glycogen, which is the stored form of glucose. So that you will have a source of glucose when you haven’t eaten. When you drink alcohol, your liver has to work to remove it from your blood instead of working to regulate blood glucose. For this reason, you should never drink alcohol when your blood glucose is already low.

When a person’s blood sugar is low, the pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin. The liver breaks down stored glucose when Insulin act.

2. Due to hepatitis

Hepatitis is a condition that makes the liver swell up. If you have hepatitis, your liver might not work properly.

If the liver doesn’t make or release enough glucose, this can lead to low blood sugar or hypoglycemia.

3. Problems with kidney

The kidneys have millions of tiny blood vessel clusters called glomeruli that filter waste and drugs molecule from your blood. If a person’s kidneys are not functioning properly, anti-diabetic drugs have the chance to accumulate in the blood. As a result of this accumulation, the blood sugar level may decrease, causing to hypoglycemia.

Hypoglycemia treatment

If you have symptoms of low blood sugar. So, consult the doctor and start the treatment as soon as possible and treat it and you can follow some diet also.

1. Adapting your medications-

You may need to change how often you take insulin or other medicines, which medicines you take, how much you take, and when you take them.

2. Keep track of your blood sugar levels by yourself-

When you wake up, before meals, after meals, etc. knowing your blood glucose level can help you keep it from getting too low. Below are some blood sugar monitoring devices you can buy from Truemeds.

3. Maintaining the amount of alcohol you drink-

The way your body requires glucose is changed by alcohol. If you often get low blood sugar, you might need to reduce the consumption of alcohol you drink.

4. Glucose tablets-

Make sure you always have glucose tablets with you, whether at home, school, the office, or the gym. Check your blood sugar after taking the pill. Take another tablet if it’s still low. If that doesn’t work, So, make sure you consult the doctor.

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