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Learn About Urinary Tract Infections.

Last updated on : 16 May, 2024

Read time : 6 min


urine infection is through the urinary system that the body’s waste and excess water are drained. There are many types of infections that can affect the urinary tract, including a bladder infection and an infection of the ureters and urethra. In addition to the bladder and urethra, it has two ureters, a bladder, and two kidneys.
You may have signs of UTI (urinary tract infection)

  • UTI pain or burning
  • Tiredness or trembling
  • frequent urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Bad-smelling, cloudy, or crimson urine
  • Back or side pain below the ribs
  • Signs of UTI in Children-A fever may be the only sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under the age of two. Many medical societies advocate obtaining a urine culture when a fever is present in a female under the age of two or an uncircumcised male under the age of one year but there are no other visible symptoms. There are several symptoms that can indicate a baby’s health is deteriorating.
  • Signs of UTI in the Elderly- In the elderly, urinary tract symptoms are often absent. Incontinence, a change in mental state, or exhaustion may be the only signs of a problem. Urine cultures should be performed on patients with evidence of systemic infection, such as those with advanced dementia, who may not be able to report urinary symptoms.

Urine infection symptoms

A urine infection causes inflammation of the urinary tract lining, resulting in some of the UTI symptoms listed below.

  • Flanking, abdominal, or pelvic pain.
  • Pelvic ache.
  • Urination frequency, urgency, and leakage (urine leakage).
  • Disturbed urination with blood in the pee.

Other Urine infection symptoms include:

  • Sex pain.
  • Penis ache
  • Backache or flank (side) pain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever (above 100°F) and chills.

UTI symptoms

The symptoms of a UTI vary depending on the infection site.

Symptoms of lower urinary tract infection

The urethra and bladder are both affected by lower tract UTIs. Lower tract UTI symptoms include:

  • burning sensation after urination
  • increasing the frequency with which one urinates without passing much urine
  • greater need to urinate regularly
  • urine with blood in it.

Symptoms of an upper tract infection

Upper tract infections (UTIs) hurt the kidneys. If bacteria spread from the diseased kidney into the bloodstream, this can be life-threatening.
Among the signs and upper tract UTI symptoms are:

  • upper back and side aches and tenderness
  • chills
  • fever
  • nausea

UTI symptoms in man-Men’s upper urinary tract infection symptoms are comparable to those of women. Men with a lower tract UTI, on the other hand, may occasionally have rectal pain.
UTI symptoms in women-Pelvic discomfort are common in women who have a urinary infection in the lower urinary tract. This is in addition to the other symptoms that are commonly experienced.

UTI causes

The bacteria that cause urinary tract infections to enter the urethra and bladder and produce irritation and infection are called microorganisms. Though a urinary tract infection (UTI) is most usually in the urethra and bladder, bacteria can also migrate up the ureters and affect your kidneys. Bacteria may take root and grow into a full-fledged infection in the urinary tract if this occurs.

  • Bladder infection is a type of UTI caused- This type of UTI is playing a vital role in E.coli, a type of bacteria typically found in the GI tract.
  • Ureteritis is an infection of the urethra (urethritis)-When GI bacteria move from the anus to the urethra, this type of UTI causes. As a result of its proximity to the vagina, sexually transmitted infections like herpes, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma can cause urethritis. Among women, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are prevalent, with many women experiencing more than one infection throughout their lives.
  • Female anatomy-Having a shorter urethra than a man reduces the distance that bacteria must travel to reach the bladder, which is beneficial for women.
  • Involved in sex-Female sexual activity is associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). In addition, having a new sex partner raises your risk.
  • Contraceptive methods are not all created equal-Diaphragm-users and those who use spermicidal drugs for birth control may be more vulnerable.
  • Problems with the urinary system-An increase risk of UTIs exists in newborns who are born with anomalies of the urinary system, which prevent urine from draining correctly or cause urine to back up in the urethra.

UTI treatment

Because urinary tract infections (UTIs) are typically caused by bacteria, antibiotics and antimicrobials are the most commonly utilised UTI treatment. The type of medication used and the length of time spent in UTI treatment will be determined by the individual’s symptoms and medical history. When treating urinary tract infections, it is important to complete the entire course of UTI treatment to ensure that the infection is completely cleared and to limit the possibility of antibiotic resistance.
UTI sufferers should drink a lot of water and urinate regularly to wash out the bacteria that are causing them. Pain management drugs are available in a variety of forms and can be administered to relieve UTI pain.

  1. Simple UTI treatment – The use of fluoroquinolone antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin, and others, for treating minor urinary tract infections is not typically recommended because the hazards of using these medications outweigh the advantages of using them for treating uncomplicated UTI. In some circumstances, such as a serious urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney infection, your doctor may prescribe a fluoroquinolone antibiotic if no other treatment alternatives are available.
  2. UTI treatment that occurs regularly– Your doctor may offer various treatment options if you have frequent UTIs, such as the ones listed below.
    • Antibiotics at low doses, initially for six months but sometimes for longer.
    • Self-diagnosis and treatment are possible provided you maintain contact with your doctor.
    • If your illnesses are caused by sexual activity, a single dose of antibiotics should be administered after sexual intercourse.
  3. UTI treatment that is severe- If you have a serious UTI, you may need to be admitted to the hospital for treatment with intravenous antibiotics.

Hence, after consulting with your doctor, your doctor may prescribe you medicine according to your health condition. So, you can buy medicine at your nearest medical store or if you are looking for online medicine and also for free online doctor consultation. You can refer to our Truemeds physician which provides free online consultations. We also provide you with  PAN India home medicine delivery, with a discount offer, and monthly savings on your medical bill. 

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Our healthcare experts have carefully reviewed and compiled the information presented here to ensure accuracy and trustworthiness. It is important to note that this information serves as a general overview of the topic and is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, prevent, or cure any health problem. This page does not establish a doctor-patient relationship, nor does it replace the advice or consultation of a registered medical practitioner. We recommend seeking guidance from your registered medical practitioner for any questions or concerns regarding your medical condition.


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