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An overview on pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Last updated on : 20 May, 2024

Read time : 3 min


An infection of the female reproductive organs is called pelvic inflammatory disease, and it can happen to anyone. It usually happens when sexually transmissible bacteria are dispersed from your vagina to your womb, oviducts, or ovaries.
The clinical signs of pelvic inflammatory disease can be intricate or mild. Some women have no signs or PID symptoms. As a result, you may not acknowledge you have it until you are unable to conceive or experience severe pelvic pain. Sexual contact is the most common way that the infection spreads. It can also occur as a consequence of a ruptured (burst) appendix or a bowel infection.

Pelvic inflammatory disease PID Causes:

PID disease can be caused by a sexually transmitted infection that includes a variety of bacteria, the most common of which are gonorrhoea or chlamydia infections. These bacteria are typically nabbed during unprotected sex.
Bacteria can invade your reproductive tract less quite often if the cervix’s normal shield is compromised. This can occur during menstruation as well as following childbirth, miscarriage, or abortion. Bacteria can enter the reproductive system through the implantation of an intrauterine device (IUD) or any other medical operation involving the uterus.

PID Symptoms:

Many women do not exhibit any PID symptoms. When symptoms do appear, they can range from mild to severe. Untreated PID disease, on the other hand, can have severe adverse impacts:

  • Pain, especially in the pelvic area.
  • Fever occasionally with chills.
  • Fatigue.
  • Bleeding or spotting between periods are all possible PID symptoms.
  • Unpleasant Odour of vaginal discharge.
  • Irregular menstruation.
  • Rectum pain and lower back pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Atypical vaginal discharge.
  • Urinating frequently.
  • Vomiting.

The PID symptoms can mimic ovarian cysts, appendicitis, endometriosis, or urinary tract infections (UTI). It can be acute or chronic. One challenge in treating PID disease is that the symptoms vary and some women may not have any PID symptoms at all.

Risk Aspects:

A range of factors may increase your chances of developing pelvic inflammatory disease, including:

  • Being a sexually active female under 25
  • Possessing several sexual partners
  • Present in a sexual relationship with someone who has several sex partners
  • Sex without a condom
  • Douching regularly disrupts the balance of beneficial versus harmful bacteria in the vagina and may headgear PID symptoms.
  • A past history of pelvic inflammatory disease or a sexually transmitted infection.

There is a slight increase in the risk of disease following the implantation of an intrauterine device (IUD). This risk is typically limited to the first three weeks following implantation.

Complications of Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases:

The pelvic inflammatory disease will often cause serious and long-term troubles, especially if the condition is not treated promptly with antibiotics.
However, most women with PID disease who finish their antibiotic course have no long-term problems.

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Our healthcare experts have carefully reviewed and compiled the information presented here to ensure accuracy and trustworthiness. It is important to note that this information serves as a general overview of the topic and is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, prevent, or cure any health problem. This page does not establish a doctor-patient relationship, nor does it replace the advice or consultation of a registered medical practitioner. We recommend seeking guidance from your registered medical practitioner for any questions or concerns regarding your medical condition.


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