• Siddhant Sugandhi

Dispel Your Doubts About Diabetes

Diabetes is indisputably one of the leading and rapidly growing health problems around the globe. The wide prevalence of the disease has also led to creation of a number of myths around it. Therefore, it is vital to be aware of the basic whereabouts of this health disorder to ensure one is not misled.

Diabetes is chronic disorder that is characterized by group of symptoms that include frequent urination, weakness, increased hunger and in some cases even blurry vision. All of these symptoms owe to the improper functioning of the insulin pathway.

What is insulin and what does it do?

Insulin is a hormone that is released by the pancreas and is responsible for the maintenance of blood glucose levels in our body.

Curious to know how? Every time we eat food, it’s broken down into glucose, which enters our bloodstream and is utilized by the body to give us energy to perform our daily tasks. The brain then triggers the pancreas to release insulin that acts on the various organs and muscles of the body, signalling them to absorb and utilize the glucose to produce energy.

Insulin also acts as a “storage” hormone. When there’s more glucose than the body requires, insulin helps store excess glucose in the liver to use later. Insulin also signals the liver to stop releasing glucose into the bloodstream.

What is the difference between Diabetes Type I & II?

The major difference is that people with type 1 diabetes don't produce insulin while people with type 2 diabetes don't respond to insulin as well as they should. If insulin is the key and the body is the lock, people with type 1 diabetes don’t have the key while people with type 2 diabetes have a defective lock. Either way, the task is hindered i.e. management of blood sugar levels in the body.

What are the treatments available for Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that doesn’t exactly have a cure yet, although treatment strategies are being developed in the form of Recombinant DNA techniques that can fix the problem from the root.

The current treatment protocol of Diabetes type 1 is administration of synthetic insulin using syringes at regular intervals.

Diabetes type 2 requires a more complex and personalized treatment approach and differs from person to person depending upon what suits their body most.

Apart from this, the mainstay of Diabetes treatment is bringing about a change in your lifestyle that includes switching to a low carb diet, exercising and monitoring your weight.

It is essential to speak to your doctor if you notice symptoms associated with diabetes.

Catching it early will also help prevent complications that are likely to arise. Requirement of regular consumption of these medicines might also add up to be a major expenditure which can lead to financial problems. It is hence good to know about alternate medicine options if you are looking to reduce your medicine costs.


Diabetes is a chronic but manageable disorder that if properly handled, rarely causes any major issues in day to day life. Despite that, one should stay away from misleading sources of information about a permanent cure for the disease or even easy routes of management.

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