• Siddhant Sugandhi


I’m sure every one of us has had the horrifying experience of an abdominal pain that has left us withering in pain and discomfort. But what causes this pain, and how to resolve it? Let’s find out!

Abdominal or stomach pain refers to discomfort in the space between the chest and pelvis. Most abdominal pain cases are mild and have a variety of common causes, such as indigestion or muscle strain.

Digestive problems are considered the most common cause of abdominal pain. Discomfort or irregularities in any organ or part of the abdomen can cause pain that radiates throughout the entire area.

What makes up your abdomen?

Many people refer to abdominal pain simply as a stomachache. However, the abdomen contains many muscles, blood vessels, connective tissues, and vital organs that include:

  • Stomach

  • Kidneys

  • Liver

  • Small and Large intestines

  • Appendix

  • Pancreas

  • Gallbladder

  • Spleen

Therefore, it is crucial to understand the cause behind an abdominal pain as it might give clues to an underlying disease.

What causes Abdominal Pain?

Although most abdominal pain cases are not severe, and symptoms resolve with primary home care, such as rest and hydration, usually within hours or days, if the symptoms persist, one must visit a doctor for a check-up.

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The abdominal cavity is a plethora of tissues and organs, and hence there are innumerable things that can go wrong. Some of the major issues that lead to acute or chronic pain in this area include:

  • Gastroenteritis (Stomach infection)

  • Gases

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Acid Reflux

  • Vomiting

  • Gastritis

  • Food Intolerance

  • Constipation

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

  • Peptic Ulcers

  • Crohn’s Disease

  • Celiac Disease

  • Pulled or Strained Muscles

  • Menstrual Cramps

  • Endometriosis

  • Urinary Tract Infections

  • Gallstones

  • Appendicitis

  • Colitis or Colic Infections

Seems like a lot, right? That’s why it’s essential to get diagnosed in time if you’re faced with recurrent episodes of the same.

How to treat Abdominal Pain?

There are innumerable remedies to help with an abdominal pain that I’m sure all of us have applied sometime in our lifetime. From warm compresses to homemade kadhas, the list goes on and on.

Most of the cases are resolved by taking antacids, painkillers, antispasmodics and laxatives. However, if the problem does persist even after that, specific treatments from a trusted doctor might be necessary.

These prescription medications might prove to be heavy on your pockets, hence its vital to know a little about alternate medicine options.


As gruesome and discomforting abdominal pain can be, it’s usually not a thing that one should worry about. The best ways to avoid it is to eat healthy and exercise regularly to keep yourself fit and away from illness.

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